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A breadcrumb component is a navigational UI element that displays the hierarchical path of a user's location within a website or application.



Breadcrumbs are a sequence of links typically displayed at the top of a webpage or app and help users understand where they are in the overall hierarchy and easily navigate back to previous levels.

anatomy button guideline
  1. Separator: A character (often ’›’ or ’/’) that separates each breadcrumb link.
  2. Breadcrumb Links: Links representing each level of the hierarchy. They are typically styled as text or icons.
  3. Dropdown(Optional): A dropdown containing links to each level of hierarchy


The Breadcrumbs component is commonly used in web and application design for the following purposes:

  • Website Navigation: Breadcrumbs help users navigate websites efficiently, especially when a site has a deep hierarchical structure.
  • Application Navigation: In applications with multiple screens or sections, breadcrumbs guide users through the app’s hierarchy.
  • E-commerce: Breadcrumbs are essential in e-commerce websites, showing the product category path.
  • Documentation: In documentation websites, breadcrumbs show the hierarchical structure of articles, making it easier for users to find relevant content.

Common places breadcrumbs appear : Mobile app homepage , website homepage and other pages when needed etc.

When to use

  • On any page that is more than two levels deep in the website's hierarchy
  • On pages with complex navigation structures
  • On pages where users are likely to be coming from different entry points
  • On pages where users need to be able to easily backtrack to previous levels

When not to use

  • On the homepage
  • On pages with very simple navigation structures
  • On pages where users are not likely to need to backtrack
  • In pop-ups or modal windows


To ensure accessibility, follow these guidelines:

  • Make sure that all links in the breadcrumb trail are keyboard accessible.
  • Use clear and concise link text.
  • Add an aria-label attribute to the breadcrumb trail to provide a descriptive label for screen reader users.
  • Use the aria-current=“page” attribute to indicate the current page in the breadcrumb trail to screen reader users.
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Separate each link in the breadcrumb trail with a separator character to make it clear and concise.

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Didn’t separate each link in the breadcrumb trail with a separator so it confusing.


When implementing breadcrumb content, follow these guidelines:

  • Keep breadcrumb text concise and informative, indicating the content’s hierarchy.
  • Use a maximum of two lines for breadcrumb text to avoid visual clutter.
  • If necessary, abbreviate or truncate breadcrumb text to fit the available space while ensuring that it remains understandable.
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Use breadcrumb trail on pages that had many level deep in the website’s hierarchy

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Use the breadcrumb trail on pages that are only one level deep in the website's hierarchy.